A subungual hematoma is a transient condition where blood and fluid collect underneath the fingernail or toenail. This is usually caused by a traumatic injury as in hitting your thumb with a hammer or stubbing a toe.
What is a nail condition in which blood clots form under the nail plate due to a small injury of the nail plate *?
Bruised nail beds or Subungual hematoma: the medical term for bleeding and bruising under the nail. This is usually the result of some kind of injury to the blood vessels under the nail bed.
What is a condition in which a blood clot forms under the nail plate causing a dark purplish spot?
Bruised nails– a condition where a blood. clot forms under the nail plate, causing a. dark, purplish spot; usually due to small. injuries of the nail bed.
What is inflammation of the nail matrix called?
Onychia is an inflammation of the nail folds (surrounding tissue of the nail plate) of the nail with formation of pus and shedding of the nail. Onychia results from the introduction of microscopic pathogens through small wounds.
When the skin is stretched by the nail plate the resulting condition is known as?
Nail Pterygium. Abnormal condition that occurs when skin is stretched by the nail plate. It is caused by serious injury, such as burns, or an adverse skin reaction. Cuticle and pterygium are not interchangeable terms. Nail pterygium is abnormal damage to the eponychium or hyponichium.
What is a folded nail?
The nail fold is the tissue that encloses the nail matrix at the root of the nail. It attaches the nail to the rest of the skin through the protective cuticle.
What is white thing on nails?
Leukonychia is a condition where white lines or dots appear on the fingernails or toenails. This is a very common issue, and it’s entirely harmless. Leukonychia is classified into two types: True leukonychia originates in the matrix of the nail, the part of the nail that’s responsible for nail production.
What are nail diseases?
Specific types of nail discoloration and changes in growth rate can be signs of lung, heart, kidney, and liver diseases, as well as diabetes and anemia. White spots and vertical ridges are harmless. Nail problems that sometimes require treatment include: Bacterial and fungal infections. Ingrown nails.
What are eggshell nails?
Another condition that can affect the nails is hapalonychia, sometimes called “eggshell nails.” Hapalonychia causes your nails to be soft and thin. Nails affected by this condition tend to bend or break more easily than healthy nails, and often split or flake at the end. They may also take on a bluish tint.
What is a nail bed?
Definition of nail bed
: the vascular epidermis upon which most of the fingernail or toenail rests that has a longitudinally ridged surface often visible through the nail.
What nail disease causes the separation and falling off of a nail plate from the bed?
Onycholysis is the painless separation of the nail from the nail bed. This is a common problem. It can be a sign of skin disease, an infection or the result of injury, but most cases are seen in women with long fingernails.
Which of the following conditions is the cause of thickening of the nail?
Onychauxis is a nail disorder that causes fingernails or toenails to grow abnormally thick. Over time, the nails may become curled and turn white or yellow. This thickening of the nail may force the nail plate (the part you paint with nail polish) to separate from the nail bed.
How do you treat thickening nails?
How are thick toenails treated?
- Clean the affected area with soap and water daily.
- Groom your nails regularly. …
- Apply an over-the-counter fungal treatment after you gently file your nails.
- Apply Vicks VapoRub on your toenail each day.
What do thick fingernails mean?
Several things can cause very thick or crumbling nails. They can be caused by injuries or pressure from shoes. Fungal infections are a common cause. Diabetes, psoriasis, or vascular disease are other possible causes.
Why do elderly get thick toenails?
The growth rate of nails decreases when people get older. This results in thickening because nail cells pile up. The process of nail cells piling up is referred to as onychocytes. Another reason why fingernails don’t thicken as much is their growth rate is smaller than the growth rate of toenails.
What is the white stuff under my toenails?
Nail fungus is a common condition that begins as a white or yellow spot under the tip of your fingernail or toenail. As the fungal infection goes deeper, nail fungus may cause your nail to discolor, thicken and crumble at the edge. It can affect several nails.
What is the white hard stuff under my toenails?
Nail psoriasis sometimes causes too much keratin to grow under the nail. This overgrowth is called subungual hyperkeratosis. People with hyperkeratosis may notice a white, chalky substance under the nail. When this occurs in the toenails, the pressure of shoes pushing down on the nails might cause pain.
What does Vicks VapoRub do for toenails?
Although designed for cough suppression, its active ingredients (camphor and eucalyptus oil) may help treat toenail fungus. A 2011 study found that Vicks VapoRub had a “positive clinical effect” in the treatment of toenail fungus. To use, apply a small amount of Vicks VapoRub to the affected area at least once a day.
Is Listerine good for toenail fungus?
Though the ingredients in Listerine are thought to possess antifungal properties, no studies have proven that the mouthwash is a surefire way to get rid of foot and nail fungus. One study stated that Listerine could prevent fungal infections in people with autoimmune diseases.
Is baking soda Good for toenail fungus?
In addition to treating the fungal infection, it can also help with neutralizing foot odor. To use baking soda correctly as a treatment for toenail fungus, start by mixing a half-cup of it—along with a half-cup of Epsom salt and a quarter-cup of hydrogen peroxide (3%)—in four cups of hot water.
What do yellow toenails mean?
When toenails turn yellow, a fungus is usually to blame. This type of fungal infection is so common that you might not even need to see a doctor for treatment. Try an over-the-counter antifungal cream. If your nail is yellow and thick, gently file down the surface so that the drug can reach deeper layers.
How do I get my toenails white again?
Apply a baking soda paste – Mix two teaspoons of baking soda with warm water. Apply the paste to the tops and undersides of your nails. Let the mixture sit for at least 5 minutes. Rinse your nails - If they’re still stained, apply another coat of the baking soda paste.
Why are my toenails GREY?
Nail fungus, also called onychomycosis, is one of the most prevalent causes of toenail discoloration. The most common organism to cause toenail fungus is called dermatophyte. However, mold or yeast can also infect toenails. Dermatophytes grow by eating your body’s keratin.
Why do toenails smell?
Getting a fungal infection on your toenails can cause the nails to turn yellow and brittle, and the bugs that cause the infection often emit a foul odor as they feed on your body. The same microorganisms that cause athlete’s foot also are the cause of fungal toenail infection.
Why do belly buttons smell?
Most belly buttons are indented so act as a trap for sweat, dead skin, and dirt. Few people wash the belly button with soap so germs can develop. The most common cause for a belly button smell is poor hygiene. All areas of the body need to be washed regularly to stay clean and healthy.
Why do toenails grow slower?
If your foot is not getting enough blood flow, you may see that your toenails are growing more slowly. The artery that pumps blood to your leg and foot is partially blocked, so your foot isn’t getting enough of nutrients to make new nails.