Chief Joseph was a Nez Perce chief who, faced with settlement by whites of tribal lands in Oregon, led his followers in a dramatic effort to escape to Canada.
What does Chief Joseph want?
Chief Joseph knew his small tribe of 800 people and 200 warriors were no match for the United States army. In order to save his people he began a retreat. He hoped to make it to Canada where he would meet up with the Sioux tribe of Sitting Bull.
What was the message of Chief Joseph’s speech?
The purpose of this speech is to proclaim the surrender of the Nez Perce Indians to the U.S. Army. Chief Joseph says he is “tired of fighting” and that he is “sick and sad” to establish logos and convince his people that it is time to surrender.
What did Chief Joseph fight for?
In 1873, Chief Joseph negotiated with the federal government to ensure that his people could stay on their land in the Wallowa Valley as stipulated in 1855 and 1863 land treaties with the U.S. government.
What was Chief Joseph trying to tell Congress?
When Chief Joseph gave that speech to Congress, he was saying how all men are equal. Every man looks different but are made by the same “Great Spirit Chief” (God) and deserve the same rights as everyone else.
What were Chief Joseph’s accomplishments?
He’d been one of the early Nez Perce leaders to convert to Christianity, and his influence had gone a long way toward establishing peace with his white neighbors. In 1855, he forged a new treaty that created a new reservation for the Nez Perce.
How did Chief Joseph fight for freedom?
Chief Joseph tried to negotiate for the rights of his tribe. But the army threatened to attack. Joseph and his people finally agreed to leave and headed for the reservation. When some young warriors got angry and killed several white settlers, the army attacked Chief Joseph and his tribe.
What was Joseph’s final sentence of his famous surrender speech?
Chief Joseph of the Nez Perce peoples surrenders to U.S. General Nelson A. Miles in the Bear Paw mountains of Montana, declaring, “Hear me, my chiefs: My heart is sick and sad. From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more forever.”
What was the purpose of the Dawes Act apex?
The objective of the Dawes Act was to assimilate Native Americans into mainstream US society by annihilating their cultural and social traditions.
What is the purpose of broken promises?
The Broken Promises report documents the challenges facing Indian Country. Poverty and violence rates in many Native American communities are higher than the national average. Other indicators of well being such as infant mortality and substance abuse are also higher than the rest of America.
What effects came from the surrender of Chief Joseph?
The surrender of Chief Joseph of the Nez Perce ended a decade of warfare between Indians and the U.S. government in the Far West. It meant that virtually all western Indians had been forced to live on government reservations. The battle in White Bird Canyon was the first armed conflict of the Nez Perce War.
Why is Chief Joseph important to American history?
Chief Joseph (1840-1904) was a leader of the Wallowa band of the Nez Perce Tribe, who became famous in 1877 for leading his people on an epic flight across the Rocky Mountains.
What did Chief Joseph do for his people after they were all relocated to reservation in Oklahoma?
He fought for the right of his people to stay on their reservation in Washington and Idaho. When gold was discovered on their reservation the US government, as usual confiscated their land and took them to Kansas.
Under what circumstances does Chief Joseph believe peace could be achieved?
He believed peace could be achieved if people treated each other fairly, famously saying, “I believe much trouble and blood would be saved if we opened our hearts more.” Chief Joseph asked that his people be moved back to their homeland in the Pacific Northwest, but for many years his requests were denied.
Which of the following is one of Chief Joseph’s goals in this piece?
What were Chief Joseph’s goals when presenting his speech? Peace between the settlers and the Native Americans, and to return peacefully to the Wallowa Valley. Which Native American Tribe did Chief Joseph lead?
Why is Chief Joseph saying these words to General Howard?
Chief Joseph speaks formally to the U.S. leaders, reminding them of General Howard’s terms for surrender by saying he has kept them “in his heart.” Although he is the one surrendering, by beginning his speech this way he emphasizes the responsibilities the victors have to fulfill their promises.
What did Sitting Bull do?
Sitting Bull was the political and spiritual leader of the Sioux warriors who destroyed General George Armstrong Custer’s force in the famous battle of Little Big Horn. Years later he joined Buffalo Bill Cody’s Wild West show.
Who was the most powerful Indian chief?
Early Years. Arguably the most powerful and perhaps famous of all Native American chiefs, Sitting Bull was born in 1831 in what is now called South Dakota.